Articles of Confederation


"The constitutions of the American states are grants of power to those charged with the government, but not grants of freedom to the people. They define and guaranty private rights, but do not create them."

Handbook of American Constitutional Law by Henry Campbell Black
Author of Black's Law Dictionary, et al.




Articles of Confederation - Unanimously Signed by ALL 13 Colonies

"Keeping in mind that the Constitution was written and adopted in the absence of lawful authority, one need only compare the Articles of Confederation with the Constitution, and realize the new powers
unlawfully granted to the federal government, and you will soon see why government historians might prefer to sweep the whole matter under the rug. "



Articles of Confederaton vs. the U.S. Constitution

FreedomForAllSeasons Note: The federal constitution is an unjust and unnecessary centralization of power over the states and the sovereign and free state Citizens. Refer to the links at the bottom of this web page for further enlightenment.



"Americans are so enamored of equality that they would rather be equal in slavery than unequal in freedom."

Alexis de Tocqueville


Republic v Democracy

Table built from and credit to




"This paper is the most fatal plan that could possibly be conceived to enslave a free people" Patrick Henry at the Virginia ratifying convention regarding the Constitution


Icebery of Takingn Beneath The Water Line

What you see is NOT what you get with government. The
illusion is created below the water line where it is dark!


"It has been well said, by one of the ablest judges of the age, that a "constitution is not to receive a technical construction, like a common law instrument or a stature. It is to be interpreted so as to carry out the great principles of the government, not to defeat them." Per Gibson, C.J. in Commonwealth v. Clark, 7 Watts & S. (Pa.), 133. Butler V. Com. of Pennsylvania, 51 U.S. 402 (1850)

"The very highest duty of the States, when they entered into the Union under the Constitution, was to protect all persons within their boundaries in the enjoyment of these "unalienable rights with which they were endowed by their Creator.",
U.S. v. Cruikshank, 92 U.S. 542 (1875)


The Constitution, as currently interpreted, now resembles what
the Founding Lawyers truly desired in their aristocratic heart
of hearts. Two centuries of history have lifted the veil from
that picture of Dorian Gray, leaving us with the Hag of
Hegemony -
Kenneth W. Royce (Hologram of Liberty)

"The men who profited from the Constitution's acceptance, expertly
used fear to further their interests and to goad delegates into
compliance with their will. They manipulated the fact that Americans
were traumatized and exhausted by war. They stage-managed the
Conventions and controlled the media's reportage of events in Virginia
and Philadelphia. Had the people time to relax and educate themselves,
if they had paid attention to the warnings of Thomas Paine, Patrick
Henry, and the many other critics who suspected what the conspirators
were planning, the Constitution would never have been ratified.
Instead, the best that the people were able to belatedly get, after the
fact, was the Bill of Rights, drafted in 1791. It was expressly drafted to
protect people against potential abuses of the ill-received Constitution.
It was conceded to the American people by Madison, who by then had
secured all that he and his Federalist colleagues had demanded."

Michael Tsarion, Weapons of Mass Destruction Found, Part 2, pg 32

"The federalists delayed ratification of the Bill of Rights for over two
years while they organized the new federal courts and armed the judges
with powers to counter individual rights"
Kenneth W. Royce (Hologram of Liberty)

Hamilton wrote 18 of the Federalists papers, Madison wrote 13 and Jay
wrote 1, totaling 32 papers in favor of a powerful central government.

A speech by James Wilson of the Pennsylvania Convention also defended
the constitution.

The anti-Federalists, those against a strong central government, wrote
and or presented 7 addresses, speeches, letters and essays against the
This included George Mason, Minority of the Pennsylvania
Convention, Patrick Henry, Melancton Smith, CATO, thought to be John
Trenchard and Thomas Gordon and essays of Brutus, a New York Judge
and delegate.

These sites are worth checking out:

1. re. Brutus

re. CATO

Summery by Jack Venrick

How did Jefferson know


A Treatise on The Corruption of the Constitutional Convention - Short Abstract



"I may be in error, but I now suspect that the US Constitution was deliberately perverted by 3 major flaws:

1. Species money
2. Bankruptcy protection
3. Usurer protection

1. In 1789, the U.S.A. had no domestic bullion sources, and therefore had to borrow or buy from 'our friends' the European banks. All through our nation's history, when money issues came up, the government routinely sided with the European bankers, and not the people (ex: Coinage Act of 1873 - aka "Crime of 1873"). This generated more chaos, that culminated in the "elastic currency" of the Federal Reserve Act of 1913. We all now know what THAT did to the nation.

2. Bankruptcy protection is an escape valve to protect usurers. Usury inevitably causes a proportion of debtors to fail. Without bankruptcy "protection", debtors might realize the common denominator was their contracts with usurers, not that they were bad people/businessmen. For government to have the power to impair contracts, is an immoral thing, too. Jesus didn't preach blessed art those who screw their creditors.

3. The government's assistance in enforcing contracts for usury (the abomination) has plagued Americans since 1789. Every debtor who has been dispossessed of his collateral can place part of the blame on the servant government, created to SECURE rights, not conspire to STEAL them."


Must Read To Grasp The Magnitude of the Taking


Lysander Spooner

Lysander Spooner one of the wisest free thinkers in America


"In subsequent numbers, the author hopes to show that, under the principle of individual consent, the little government that mankind need, is not only practicable, but natural and easy; and that the Constitution of the United States authorizes no government, except one depending wholly on voluntary support."

Lysander Spooner, No Treason No. I. The Constitution


Must Read To Understand How The Constitution Has Been Grossly Distorted
Credit to Professor R. Barnett

No Treason I - Lysander Spooner
No Treason II - Lysander Spooner
No Treason VI - Lysander Spooner

Lysander Spooner Letter to Grover Cleveland - especially note page 34


Daily Bell: But is not the Supreme Court the final legal authority on what the Constitution means, and therefore legally superior to the people?

Edwin Vieira Jr.: Balderdash. A judicial opinion about the Constitution is precisely that, and no more: just an opinion of some fallible human beings who
happened to occupy the Bench at that time. It may be correct-or it may be incorrect.

The Supreme Court does not determine what the Constitution means; rather, the Constitution determines whether a decision of the Supreme Court is right or wrong.

Even the Supreme Court has recognized that "[t]he power to enact carries with it final authority to declare the meaning of the legislation". Propper v. Clark, 337 U.S. 472, 484 (1949). And We the People not "we the judges" enacted the Constitution.

It is our supreme law, not theirs.

We are the principals, they merely our agents. So we are the ultimate interpreters of the Constitution, and the ultimate judges of whether public officials are complying with it. As Sir William Blackstone, the Founding Fathers' primary legal mentor, observed: "whenever a question arises between the society at large and any magistrate vested with powers originally delegated by that society, it must be decided by the voice of the society itself: there is not upon earth any other tribunal to resort to". Commentaries on the Laws of England (1771-1773), Volume 1, at 212.

Any self-governing people should know as much without being reminded. One can only hope that the present economic crisis will focus people's minds on this basic truth to a degree sufficient to make a difference.

Failure of the Public Sector, the Coming Military Crackdown and
What Can Be Done to Stop It by Dr. Edwin vieira, Jr.



"In 1947, in Amaya v. Standard Oil & Gas Co., a federal appeals court found that "the treaty-making power does not extend ‘So far as to authorize what the constitution forbids.’" In 1957, in Reid v. Covert, the Supreme Court clearly ruled that constitutional guarantees cannot be abolished by either treaty or statute, stating: "no agreement with a foreign nation can confer power on Congress, or on any other branch of Government, which is free from the restraints of the Constitution."

Treaties and the Constitution (Link to article below)

"The Constitution does not extend and authorize what the Declaration of Independence condemned"

Inferred from article below and series of cases

A Treaty or the US Constitution: Which is the Supreme Law of the Land?

  • "Treaties are equivalent to federal statutes and statutes are subserviaent to the U.S. Constitution except....Larry Kogan Esq.
  • "The U.S. constitution Supremacy Clause, the priority is (1) the U.S. Constitution first, (2) the Laws of Congress second, and (3) treaties third." Elaine Willman.
Fred Hammel October 27, 2016 at 11:56 am Comment in

Treaties and the Constitution
One of the most outlandish ploys being used to break down our Constitutional government is the promotion of the false notion that treaties, when confirmed by the Senate, are more powerful then the Constitution, and can actually override our national charter in both foreign and domestic matters. Of course, this notion is ridiculous. America’s founders would never have worked so wisely to limit and contain government powers and then hold American freedom hostage to some to some future unwritten treaty with a foreign power. Let’s take a look at the second paragraph in Article V1 and consider its meaning: This Constitution and the laws of the United States which shall be made in pursuance there-of and all treaties made or which shall be made, ,under the authority of the United States, shall be the supreme law of the land; and judges in every state shall be bound thereby , any thing in the Constitution or laws of any State to the contrary notwithstanding.

The clause, ‘supreme law of the land” does not mean that a treaty is somehow superior to the Constitution; it means that treaties made in pursuance of ( in conformance with ) the U.S. Constitution are the only U.S. treaties.

Almost as if he were responding to modern schemers who view treaties as a method of overriding the Constitution , James Madison stated :

” I do not conceive that { treaty- making } power is given to the President and the Senate to dismantle the empire, or to alienate any great , essential right. I do not think the whole legislative authority have this power. The exercise of the power must be consistent with the object of the

That is ,the treaty power must be consistent with the government’s delegated powers.

Madison further said of the treaty clause : “Here the supremacy of a treaty is contrasted with the supremacy of the laws of the States. It cannot otherwise be supreme.” And Alexander Hamilton said, ” A treaty cannot be made which alters the Constitution of the country, or which infringes any express exceptions to the power of the Constitution of the United States.”

By Don Fotheringham — Constitutional Scholar for the John Birch society


1. "The Constitution is the last bastion of the Common law in our country.

  • Were it not for the Constitution, the Common Law would have been history a long time ago.
  • The interpretation of the Constitution is directly influenced by the fact that its provisions are framed in the language of the English common law:" -

  • "There is, however, one clear exception to the statement that there is no national common law. The interpretation of the Constitution of the United States is necessarily influenced by the fact that its provisions are framed in the language of the English common law, and are to be read in the light of its history."
  • U.S. v. Wong Kim Ark, 169 U.S. 891, 893 (1898)


2. The U.S. Constitution was written from


1. The Common Law (The Bad News - See Common Law Page) 

2. The Bible (The Good News)

3. In an extensive study by the University of Houston -

  • One third of the quotations in the U.S. Constitution & Declaration of Independence are cited from the Bible. “Deuteronomy is cited more than John Locke or anyone else”.

4. Baron Charles de Montesquieu - He spent 20 years of research before he wrote his philosophical istory called The Spirit of Laws.

5. John Locke - advocates separation of powers, separation of powers, reality and attributes of God, inherent rights, natural law, supremacy of divine law, people's right of of self-government, people's right to abolish a tyrannical government, property rights as a gift of God, historical development of property rights, responsibility of government to protect property rights, difficulty of unanamous consent, parents responsibility for children, responsibility of children to parents.
6. The Constitution Society

10. "His rights are such as existed by the law of the land long antecedent to the organization of the state.."

  • "The individual may stand upon his constitutional rights as a citizen. 
  • He is entitled to carry on his private business in his own way.
  • His power to contract is unlimited. 
  • He owes no duty to the state or to his neighbors to divulge his business or to open his doors to an investigation, so far as it may tend to criminate him. 
  • He owes no such duty to the state, since he receives nothing there from, beyond the protection of his life and property. 
  • His rights are such as existed by the law of the land long antecedent to the organization of the state, and can only be taken from him by due process of law, and in accordance with the Constitution. 
  • Among his rights are a refusal to incriminate himself, and the immunity of himself and his property from arrest or seizure except under a warrant of the law. 
  • He owes nothing to the public so long as he does not trespass upon their rights." 
  • Hale v. Henkel, 201 U.S. 43 (1906)  

11. The John Quade Speech on the Constitution and Common Law in 1993.

  • This is a MUST see to deprogram the propaganda you have been taught.
  • John Quade spent 20 years and $80,000 of some 7000 titles in his library
    to understand and validate this.
JOHN QUADE SPEECH Transcript.htm
John Quade 1 -
John Quade 2 -
John Quade 3 -
John Quade 4 -
John Quade 5 -
John Quade 6 -
John Quade 7 -


12. Sovereignty -

  • This is 20 pages worth printing & reading to understand why you are free but are not "The federal Constitution makes a careful distinction between natural born Citizens and citizens of the United States**
    (compare 2:1:5 with Section 1 of the so-called 14th Amendment). 
  • One is an unconditional Sovereign by natural birth, who is endowed by the Creator with certain unalienable rights;  the other has been granted the
    revocable privileges of U.S.** citizenship, endowed by the Congress of the
    United States**. 
  • One is a Citizen, the other is a subject. 
  • One is a Sovereign, the other is a subordinate. 
  • One is a Citizen of our constitutional Republic; 
  • the other is a citizen of a legislative democracy (the federal zone).
  • Notice the superior/subordinate relationship between these two statuses. 
  • I am forever indebted to M. J. "Red" Beckman, co-author of
    The Law That Never Was
    with Bill Benson, for clearly illustrating the important difference between the two. 
  • Red Beckman has delivered many eloquent lectures based
    on the profound simplicity of the following table"

Pecking order of a Global Elite "Majority" Rule Democracy
vs. a Constitutional Republic

Republic v. Democracy

In this illustration, a democracy ruled by the majority places
the individual at the bottom, and an unknown elite(s) at the top. 

  • The majority (or mob) elects a government to hire public "servants" who write laws primarily for the benefit of corporations. 
  • These corporations are either owned or controlled by Mr. X, a clique of the ultra-wealthy who seek to restore a two-class "feudal" society. 
  • They exercise their vast economic power so as to turn all of America into a "feudal zone". 
  • The rights of individuals occupy the lowest priority in this chain of command. 
  • Those rights often vanish over time, because democracies eventually self-destruct. 
  • The enforcement of laws within this scheme is the job of administrative tribunals, who specialize in holding individuals to the letter of all rules and regulations of the corporate state, no matter how arbitrary and
    with little if any regard for fundamental human rights
  • "A democracy that recognizes only man made laws perforce obliterates
    the concept of Liberty as a divine right."

13. Supreme Court Cases re. Taxes on Labor

  • This is a must read and print via link above
  • Lays out 42 U.S. Supreme Court rulings directly on Labor and Property
  • Lays out 11 Federal Circuit Court Cases
  • Taxing and taking wages or private property go against the fundamental, founding and organic laws of America including LONANG

14. The original 13th Amendment is missing in the Constitution, ratified in 1819, restricts nobility.

  • If any citizen of the United States shall accept, claim, receive, or retain any title of nobility or honour, or shall without the consent of Congress, accept and retain any present, pension, office, or emolument of any kind whatever, from any emperor, king, prince, or foreign power, such person
    shall cease to be a citizen of the United States, and shall be incapable of holding any office of trust or profit under them, or either of them"
    Journal of The Senate, Page 508

  • Read how this happen

    • "One thing that is VERY IMPORTANT is the ISSUE
      of the ORIGINAL 13th AMENDMENT!!

    • What if you found out that there was a hidden
      Amendment to the Constitution that was so devastating

    • What if it could be proven that every law passed by congress as
      well as every session has been VOID because the lawmakers
      themselves were forbidden from holding office and had actually

    • This would not be a pretty thought having gone this far into
      our present society. But does time make a VOID ACT Lawful?
      The answer is NO!! Read More about the Original 13th
      Amendment below!! "


The Original 13th Amendment -

15. The 14th Amendment was fraudulently ratified July 9, 1868

16. The 16th Amendment was fraudulently ratified 2-3-1913 where wages were subverted to "income" and taxed. The intent of this amendment was to tax profit and gain.
17. The 17th Amendment was fruadulently ratified 4-8-1913 where state Citizenship and Sovereignty were made extinct.


18. If The United State Constitution is the Supreme Law of the Land....

  • Why are the higher courts ignoring prior precedent cases, 
    basic constitutional law & unalienable rights re. private property?
  • Why are the legislatures and executive offices ignoring our founding laws & trashing these basic rights re. private property?
  • Why are the most basic Constitutional laws, which are clear to us,
    not clear to the courts, legislature or administration?
  • Why are not the courts, legislature & administration
    unanimous in protecting property rights cases? 
  • Why are all of our constitutional & unalienable rights being taken?
  • Why does government create & enforce their own rules while ignoring every basic God given, natural, common & constitutional law in the land? e.g. green laws, alternative energy laws, social programs,  worthless paper money, taxes, state ed,  et al.


20. The Honorable Clarence Thomas, Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court

  • The Honorable Clarence Thomas, Associate Justice of U.S. Supreme Court

  • Here is a touching story of his life - summary

    • You should always keep in mind that the rights in the Bill of Rights was an afterthought. 
    • That's why it's made up of what are called amendments. 
    • It was not in the original Constitution. 
    • The rights in the Bill of Rights were originally assumed
      as natural rights
      , and some people at the time thought that
      writing them into the Constitution was redundant. 
    • Read the Declaration of Independence. 
    • We should always start, when we read the Constitution,
      by reading the Declaration, because
      • it gives us the reasons why the structure of the Constitution was designed the way it was.
      • and it was the structure of the government that was supposed to protect our liberty.
      • and what has happened through the years is that the protections afforded by that structure have been dissipated.
      • so my opinions are often about the undermining of those
        structural protections, e.g. 
        1. Commerce Clause
        2. Doctrine of Incorporation
        3. Substantive Due Process"

"People should care about these things and I try to explain why clearly
in my opinions." 


Quoted from Justice Thomas, U.S. Supreme Court


2010 - 2012 Reports

2011-01-01 Late Post Stop The Con Con by Tom DeWeese


General Washington at Valley Forge General Washington With His Men Valley Forge

Son of the Republic Look and Learn - The Vision of George Washington

"The scene instantly began to fade and dissolve, and I at last saw nothing but the
rising, curling vapor, I at first beheld. This also disappeared, and I found myself once
more gazing upon the mysterious visitor who, in the same voice I heard before said,

"Son of the Republic, what you have seen is thus interpreted: Three great perils will
come upon the Republic. The most fearful for her is the third. But the whole world
united shall not prevail against her. Let every child of the Republic learn to live for
his God, his land and Union."

With these words the vision vanished, and I started from my seat and felt that I had
seen a vision wherein had been showed me the birth, progress, and destiny of the
United States."




The Hard Truth Regarding Constitutions -
Books Exposing The Truth

"The Naked Constitution" -What the Founders Said and Why It Still Matters by Adam Freedman. This is an excellent must read book for anyone awakening to the increased taking. FreedomForAllSeasons endorses this book.

"Our Dishonest Constitution" - Preview of book on Amazon
"The Constitution That Never Was" by Ralph Boryszewski
"Our Constitution The Myth that Binds Us" by Eric Black
"Hologram of Liberty - The Constitution 's Shocking Alliance with Big Government" by Kenneth W. Royce

"Unalienable Rights And The Denial of The U.S. Constitution"
by Michael E. LeMieux

"Lost Rights" by James Bovard
"The Lawful Remedy to Tyranny - How You Lost Rights and How You Can Get then Back" by Richard Walbaum
"THEFT OF A NATION; A HIstory of Organized Crime and Betrayal by the Bench and Bar by Ralph Boryszewzi a retired New York Police Officer.
"Property and Freedom" by Richard Pipes, a Baird Research Professor of History Harvard University.


Click on Your hat and saddle to ride on Home partner

Compiled by Jackranch

The Ranch at Freedom For All Seasons BARJRV

jacksranch at freedomforallseasons dot org